,
,  ,
 :   
 :   

  


















C- ,










.. , .. .







> ,

,

,
, (Dana, James Dwight) (1813-1895), , . (. -) 12 1813. 1833 - , . 1836 - . , 1838-1842 - . : (Zoophytes, 1846); (Geology of the Pacific Area, 1849); (Crustacea, 1852-1854). 1844 , 1849 - , 1864-1890 - . 1892 . ( 1850-1875 ) " " ("American Journal of Science"). (System of Mineralogy, 1837). , , . : (Manual of Geology, 1862); (Textbook of Geology, 1864), (Corals and Coral Island, 1872); (Characteristics of Volcanoes, 1890). - . . - (. ) 14 1895.


!

!

,



 

  :
 

© 2008 .