,
, ,
 :   
 :   

  


















C- ,










.. , .. .







> ,

,

,
, (Nightingale, Florence) (1820-1910), , . 12 1820 . , ; . 1837 1839 . , , , . 1847-1848 , 1849 , . (). . . , . . 1853 - . , . . 1854 38 , -, , (), . . 42 2,2%. 1856 . 1857 . 1859 , , ; ; ; - ; . , . , , , (Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, Efficiency and Hospital Administration of the British Army, 1857) (Notes on Nursing: What It Is and What It Is Not, 1860). . . 1860 . . . . 1872 . . 1883 " ", 1907 , " ". 1908 . 13 1910.


!

!

,



 

  :
 

© 2008 .